Although linked to Surabaya by a bridge since 2009, Madura has conserved its distinct character. Here, the volcanic landscape gives way to flat, dry terrain; the population of fishermen, salt-makers and cattle rearers has been traditionally Muslim since the 16C and the people are renowned for being shy. People come to Pakwmasan every year (August-September) for Kerapan Sapi, the bull race, which is popular on the whole island. The coastal road takes you to great beaches.
Access by car via Suramadu Bridge (toll) or by ferry. On the island, bemos are the main means of transport