Rovaniemi The Essential
Lying just south of the Arctic Circle, Rovaniemi is the capital of Finnish Lapland. Not far from its centre are beautiful wild expanses (their rounded hills seem to have blue haloes when seen from afar). From the Middle Ages, the region exported furs and salmon across Europe, but Rovaniemi's main boom was during the 19C, fuelled by the wood industry. The town was devastated during the Second World War; Alvar Aalto redesigned its layout (reminiscent of an antler) and also many of the major buildings.
An ingenious underground construction