Tarbes, home country of the central Pyrenees, began to grown in the 19C thanks to its fairs and markets and to the industries created after 1870. It has been the capital of the Bigorre since the 9C. Tarbes also benefits from the nearby ski resorts. Tarbes is known as the city of the horse, thanks to its national stud farm, cradle of the "tarbais", a horse appreciated by the hussar regiments. They settled in this town in 1963.