Situated between Andalucía and La Mancha, Baena was once a major border settlement. A tranquil town, surrounded by olive trees, it has retained a large number of its stately mansions, which bear witness to its former glory. It was the capital of a taifa kingdom and was the first town in Andalucía to be reconquered (1227). Peace enabled civic and intellectual life to flourish. A printing works was founded here as early as 1551, followed by a university in 1595, which was disbanded in the 19C.