The monastery is said to stand on the site where Lot and his daughters sought refuge after God's destruction of Sodom. The Bible describes the cataclysm which befell the city - located on the Israeli shore - and its neighbour Gomorrah in the 19C BC, as a punishment God wrought upon their morally corrupt inhabitants. The Byzantine monastery overlooks the Dead Sea. It comprises a church with mosaic flooring, monastic quarters and funerary chambers. The cave behind the church has also yielded finds dating back to 3 000 BC.