Ainokura, the main village of Gokayama, with its 23 gassho-zukuri houses, lies on a plateau above the Sho River, providing homes for fifty or so people. Several farmhouses offer accommodation as minshuku (family-run guest houses). Nearby are onsen, should you wish to relax after a forest hike. The village is a UNESCO world heritage site.
©photography by Sanchai Loongroong/Moment Open/Getty ImagesAinokura