Encircled by mountains, the fine churches and old houses with red-tiled roofs of this picturesque colonial city in the northern highlands never fail to enchant. Cajamarca is famous for having been where the conquistador Francisco Pizarro captured Atahualpa, the last Inca emperor. In the wake of the fall of the Inca empire, the city was redesigned in the Spanish style with a characteristic Plaza de Armas, which is now the heart of the historic centre and home to a number of baroque architectural gems.
High-perched at almost 3,000m/10,00ft, this fortress was erected in the 10th century by a Pre-Incan civilization, the Chachapoyas. This jewel of northern Peru, located in the Amazonas region, can now be reached by cable car.