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Intihuatana, literally "hitching post of the sun", is the highest point of the citadel and a sort of astronomical observatory, made up of a perfectly polished stone table in the shape of an altar from which a spur protrudes that serves as a gnomon. The priests observed the shadows cast on the stone to draw up a calendar of agricultural tasks. Below, the eye is drawn to the central square where festivals and ceremonies were held.

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