The Parthenon, a Doric temple, was built in the era of Pericles by Iktinos, under the direction of Phidias. His statue, dedicated to Athena, decorated the sanctuary. In Byzantine times this statue, having been taken to Constantinople, was destroyed during the siege of the city by the Crusaders. The building remained almost intact until the bombing of the Acropolis by the Venetians, in September 1687. It successively served as a Byzantine cathedral, then a mosque.