Inhabited since Antiquity, Kastro was the capital of the island under Venetian rule (1207-1537), and until 1836. Today, it is a fashionable village with a medieval atmosphere; Kastro is a remarkable example of a Venetian fortified town. It also has numerous churches from the 16C and 17C. Attractions include the Archaeological Museum, where ceramics and archaic and classical statues are on display. Not far away there are several monasteries.