Kalocsa was founded as Esztergom in the 11C by Stephen I as a bishopric. Elevated to the status of an archbishopric, a cathedral was built here. Despite bouts of destruction and the town's small size, its religious past justifies the presence of two important buildings in the centre: the Archbishop's Palace and the Baroque cathedral. Kalocsa is also the paprika capital of Hungary where it is grown around the town. The Paprika Museum explores the history of this activity.