Byzantium to the Greeks, Constantinople to the Romans, and Istanbul to the Ottomans, this city has retained numerous treasures from the twenty-six centuries of its history. This global city links Europe with Asia, a role that is played out around the Bosphorus, a stretch of water linking the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara. The European side is studded with minarets, cupolas and palaces, while its Asian counterpart revels in elegant princely residences. Istanbul offers visitors an entrancing mix of atmospheres, ranging from fish markets and trendy bistros to centres of modern art and old mosques, and the Grand Bazaar to luxury international boutiques.
Summer temperatures in Istanbul frequently hit the thirties (Celsius)! So, should you find yourself in former Constantinople at this time of the year, be it for business or pleasure, watch out for sunburn and heatstroke. Fortunately however, this huge metropolis is far from lacking in resources for anyone seeking a refreshing refuge from the fierce summer sun.