This 1845 clapboard house was built by Dr. John McLoughlin, the man often referred to as the "Father of Oregon." Though considered a mansion in its time, the two-story edifice is not particularly grand, nor are the period furnishings especially memorable. But listen to the docents and you'll hear the unforgettable story of how McLoughlin, a British citizen, helped bring the Oregon Territory into the United States. Though he was the territorial head of Britain's powerful Hudson's Bay Company, McLoughlin's humanitarian impulses compelled him to repeatedly assist American pioneers in distress. His efforts led to a rising population of Americans in Oregon City and the Willamette Valley, and the influence of their numbers eventually solidified America's claim to the Northwest. When the region became part of the United States, McLoughlin stayed on, becoming an American citizen.