These two Salem landmarks sit in the 100-acre park that formerly was the gentleman's estate of Asahel Bush II, one of the city's and Oregon's most prominent 19C citizens. Bush started Salem's leading newspaper, helped author the Oregon constitution and founded Salem's first bank. He settled into the Bush House after its completion in 1878. In addition to the elegant features one might expect-10 Italian marble fireplaces and an estimable collection of fine art-the house was a high-tech marvel in its time, with gaslights, hot-and cold-running water and central heating. More than half the furnishings are original. Amid the gardens that surround the house stands an 1882 conservatory devoted to period plants. Next door in the converted estate barn is the Bush Barn Art Center, whose two galleries display the work of local, regional and national artists.